You have learned, one way or another, that you are being sued for a debt. If so, you are in a club containing many millions of people, but you probably feel all alone. What do you do? And how do you do it? Where do you turn, and who can help?
Since you’re here, you know that WE can help. We help people beat the debt collectors and protect what’s theirs.
We don’t make any bones about it – we think that if you’re sued by a debt collector you have a great chance of winning. And if you lose, it hardly ever costs you anything more than not fighting would have done. If you want to settle, you always start by fighting because debt collectors never settle to make YOUR life easier, they only settle make themselves more profit, and if you fight you instantly drive the value of the suit down in their eyes. Thus you have everything to gain and little to lose in most situations. You should fight.
Lawyer or Not?
We’ve addressed this question many times in various posts, and we do in our First Response Kit, too. But for this article we’re just going to talk about the cost of a lawyer. For most of our members, the cost of a lawyer is the most important thing, and they are expensive.
The average lawyer in a city tries to make $200 per hour these days. They’re running a business, have a staff, and need to make a profit. In debt defense, they also know that not everyone is able to pay. Thus, those who do pay, have to pay more.
With $200 per hour as a target, the lawyer either has to charge you that as an hourly rate or create a flat fee that will, she hopes, bring that average return. Through it all, most people discussing legal fees with us say that lawyers are trying to get them to pay at least $2,500 for their cases. For most people, this is simply too much, and the lawyer will want much of that up-front. So lawyers are simply out of reach for most people in debt trouble.
But here’s the thing: debt law, unlike most kinds of law, is well-suited to pro se (self-representation) defense. And with a little help from us, you’ll know more than most lawyers you talk to will know about this kind of law anyway.
Debt Law is Good for Pro Se Defense
There are a few reasons debt law is good for pro se defense. First, debt law is mostly about rules of evidence. They’re going to want to get some records into evidence, and you’re going to want to stop them from doing that. If you can keep those records out and avoid a few basic mistakes, you should win. This is not the kind of law that involves extensive testimony or cross-examination – you won’t need to be brilliant. You will need to do basic things that you can learn – we can teach you.
The other main reason debt law is good for self-representation is economic. They want to make $200 per hour, but you don’t have to get that much. And the debt collector/lawyer is trying to get that from half of what he can collect from you (the debt buyer gets the other half), while you’re saving 100 percent of what you can save. Thus you can spend more time on the case. It’s your life, and it matters more to you than anyone else. Every time you do something to defend yourself the lawyer on the other side will be worried about whether she’ll get paid for working on your case – this is a big, big advantage.
What to Do?
Your defense will start with an answer or a motion. Our First Response Kit will guide you through that. We also suggest that you get right onto the process of discovery, and the First Response Kit will do as much to help make that easy for you as possible. It includes samples of all the documents you’ll probably need. You’ll have to do SOME work for sure, but it doesn’t get any easier for you than this.
Our First Response Kit
A great place to start your defense is our First Response Kit. It helps you consider your chances of winning (vs. not fighting at all) and whether to fight, whether to get a lawyer, and if you’re going to represent yourself, how to do that. We get you started with a sample Answer and sample discovery that you can modify to fit your situation. This is as easy a way to get started with your defense as is possible. Read about it here.
https://yourlegallegup.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/16953749.jpg1125750Ken Giberthttp://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.pngKen Gibert2019-06-18 18:43:102019-06-19 20:51:32Sued for Debt
Can your bank accounts be garnished by a debt collector? What about wages? Here are some things you need to know about garnishment.
If you have assets, and this includes either a job or money in the bank, you must be concerned about the possibility of being garnished if a debt collector (or anybody else) has a judgment against you. In other words, the short answer to our question about whether your wages can be garnished is YES. Wages can be garnished once a debt collector has a judgment against you.
Bank accounts can also be garnished when there’s a judgment against you.
The Surprise that Isn’t a Surprise
Lawsuits are divided into two main parts. The first part, which is what everyone thinks about in connection with “being sued,” is a determination of liability and damages. In plain English, the lawsuit is to decide whether you owe anything and how much. In debt cases, that’s usually determined by either a default (failing to show up to court in the first place) or “give-up settlements” (where you show up to agree to anything the debt collector wants, which often includes a “consent judgment”). That judgment just says you owe x-amount of dollars, or nothing, as the case may be.
In most cases, judgments are not “self-enforcing.” That means that after the debt collector gets a judgment that you owe some money, it must still either persuade you to give it to them or find it and take it away from you. This is called “enforcing a judgment,” or in plain language: “collection.” To do that, the debt collector tries to find your assets and then goes to the court’s garnishment office and starts garnishment proceedings.
The garnishment office does NOT tell you they’re at work, and neither does the debt collector. They want you to forget about the case and get comfortable. If you move or hide your assets, their job gets much, much tougher. And if they warn you they are at work, you’re more likely to move or hide the assets, right?
Incredibly, people are quite often shocked when the debt collector starts seizing assets, freezing bank accounts, or garnishing assets.
They are at Work
Let this be your warning. If they have a judgment against you, THEY ARE AT WORK. They still want your money, and they’ve taken a big and somewhat expensive first step by suing you. Why would they stop? You may forget about it, but they won’t.
The Way it Happens
You are always the last to know when collection activity happens. This way your funds are frozen before you can take any action such as withdrawing all your funds.
The debt collector serves a notice of garnishment on the bank, and as of the time the bank receives it, your account will be frozen. Their notifying the bank first is perfectly legal.
You typically receive the notice (including your rights) a day or two, or three, or four… after your funds have been frozen. In most states, the garnishment does not only freeze funds already in your account at the time of service on the financial institution, but can get money you put in afterwards for a period of time.
During the time the garnishment is in effect, the financial institution cannot honor checks or other orders for the payment of money drawn against your accountif it would leave a balance under the amount stated on the garnishment. For most people, this means any outstanding checks will more than likely bounce or be returned for NSF.
When the amount being garnished is paid, the freeze on your account must be terminated, but since many people do not have nearly enough money in their accounts to offset any significant judgment, this is not of practical significance. If they catch you by surprise, you probably have big trouble. Not only is your money gone, but checks (and automatic drafts, for example) are bouncing right and left – and there are other laws that punish you for that.
Wages can also be garnished, and, again, your first notice that you are being garnished is likely to be when you receive a check that is less than you thought it would be.
Federal law limits the maximum amount that can be garnished by one or more garnishment orders to 25 percent of your disposable earnings for that week, or the amount by which your disposable earnings for that week exceed thirty times the Federal minimum hourly wage, whichever is less.
In practical terms, that means (as of this writing) that if you make $154.50 or more per week your wages will be reduced by about 25%. Since most people being sued for debt are already close to the line, a 25% reduction in their paychecks can be simply devastating. And remember, you won’t find out about it until the money is gone.
Don’t Let them Get a Judgment
All of the above means that you should work HARD to avoid letting the debt collector get a judgment. If they do manage to get one, you should EXPECT NOT ONE SHRED OF MERCY. They will take every penny they can with no concern at all for the consequences to you or your family.
Sometimes people think that things are so hopeless that it isn’t worth it to try to keep them from getting a judgment. You have nothing now for them to garnish, and you don’t expect ever to have enough for them to garnish. That’s called being “judgment proof.”
Don’t go there. Things could get better for you in any number of ways, from your job suddenly turning better, to people you don’t know dying or giving you money, or you getting some sort of great idea, or… just anything. The world is full of possibilities, and good things could happen. They’re much more likely to happen if you keep looking for them, too.
It isn’t all that hard to keep them from getting a judgment most of the time if you know what you’re doing, and of course that’s why we’re here.
Don’t Ignore the Possibility of Losing Even if you Defend
Of course, if you’re being sued there’s always a chance you could lose. ALWAYS A CHANCE.
That means that you need to keep personal information about jobs and assets out of the hands of the debt collectors whenever possible.
If you have ever written a check to the company who is the alleged original creditor, you must assume that the debt collector has your banking information. You might want to change banks.
Remember that garnishments are served on people (including corporations and banks), not accounts, so it doesn’t do any good to cancel your account and get a new one in the same bank. But changing banks will go a long way to keep you from finding out, one day, that your bank account has been emptied and your checks are now bouncing.
For a lot of people it’s harder to change jobs. I’m just saying that if you do, it will be harder for the debt collector to garnish your wages. If they have any reason to know where your present job is, you should expect them to come for it.
Your Legal Leg Up
Your Legal Leg Up is dedicated to helping people defend themselves from debt lawsuits without having to hire a lawyer. Lawsuits have a number of points where specific action is called or, and we have products to help you deal with most of these situations. We also have memberships that give you access to more materials and better training, and also provide a regular opportunity to ask questions and get answers in real-time. You can use this time to find out what the debt collectors are trying to do and what you might do in response, and you can get guidance on the issues that matter and how to think about and address them.
In addition to that, our website is a resource for all. Many of the articles and materials are reserved for members, but many others are available to everyone. Every page has a site search button in both the header and footer. Put in a key word – a word you think relates to what you’re looking for – and enter. You will get a page of results.
Products Related to this Article
If history is any indication, many of the people reading this article are here because there’s a default judgment against them, and the debt collectors are now after their money. If that’s you, there’s still hope (even aside from the fact that your Social Security payments should be safe). You should consider attempting to undo the judgment – that’s called “vacating” it – and you do that by filing a “Motion to Vacate.” Click here to begin your research on that question. And we have a product that will help you file a motion to vacate.
Most of the rest of the people reading this will be because they are in the “collection cycle” somewhere and are either being threatened with suit or are being sued. If that’s you, you will want to take a look at what the risks of ignoring the suit are versus the costs and advantages of fighting it. I normally suggest fighting it because the risks if you lose are minimal (you won’t make things worse), while the benefits of winning are more substantial than you think, even if you aren’t worried about garnishment.
In any event, if you’re considering defending, I’d suggest you give some thought to our memberships.
Members get the Litigation Manual and the Three Weaknesses Report for free with membership. They also get discounts on all products as well as unlimited opportunities to join our regularly scheduled teleconferences, where you can get unlimited real-time assistance, answers to questions, help with strategies, and encouragement. Find out about memberships by clicking the “About Memberships” link in the menu at the top of the page.
What you’ll receive if you sign up is a series of several videos and articles spread out over several days, and then you will occasionally hear from us as we add information to the site. We don’t always announce that information, though.
What you will not receive is any marketing from other people – or much from us, either. Our goal is to make the site more useful to members and visitors, not to swamp anyone with sales materials. The information we send will have links to information or products that we think may be helpful.
http://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.png00Ken Giberthttp://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.pngKen Gibert2019-05-14 12:29:482019-12-05 21:18:41Can Debt Collectors Garnish Wages or Bank Accounts?
This will eventually be an article on small claims courts in Oklahoma.
Small claims courts are a frequent bane to debt defendants because they apply loose rules (of evidence and civil procedure) designed for pro se, unsophisticated parties disputing small amounts of money. Debt collectors, however, have discovered that these lax rules can make it easier for them to get even more default judgments and to win cases on obviously insufficient evidence. Oklahoma put a stop to that by enacting rules that forbid debt collectors from bringing their claims in small claims courts.
Of course this hasn’t stopped them.
Here is the rule: http://www.oscn.net/applications/oscn/DeliverDocument.asp?CiteID=438809
Here’s an article. There will be more: https://www.okbar.org/freelegalinfo/smallclaims/
http://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.png00Ken Giberthttp://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.pngKen Gibert2019-04-26 18:49:402019-04-26 18:49:40Oklahoma Law on Debt Collection
We discussed two kinds of jurisdictional issues in a recent teleconference – two different issues that call for very different responses.
In this video we’ll discuss what happens when the debt collector doesn’t show its ownership of the debt and when you are not properly served with the lawsuit.
Ownership of the Debt
When debt buyers bring a lawsuit, their ownership of the debt is always in question. It won’t be their name on the debt instrument or contract, and they will have purchased the debt – gotten it on “assignment.”
There is nothing wrong with that, let me emphasize. Most debts are freely transferrable (unless either a contract or law says they can’t be transferred) – so in most cases this will not be an issue. But what is an issue is proof of ownership. Only the true owner of a debt is permitted to bring a lawsuit. In a way that’s a no-brainer, isn’t it? If I happen to hear that someone owes you money, I can’t sue them for it can I?
No – if I want to sue, I must prove that I am the “true party in interest.”
Without the true party in interest’s participation, the court does not really have jurisdiction over the subject matter of the case. If I bring suit on a debt someone else owes you, and that person gets around to pointing out that I don’t own the debt, the case should be dismissed immediately – without prejudice. If the person being sued does show that the plaintiff cannot prove ownership, the proper response by the court is to dismiss immediately without taking any other action – it can’t make a judgment about the validity of the debt without the real owner being present.
You can attack ownership of the debt at any time, and in a debt case you should always contest the issue not only because you might win, but also because debt collectors actually try to collect debts that don’t belong to them fairly often. You should always make them prove it.
In the case of the big junk debt buyers, they often will have a so-called “bill of sale” between the original creditor and the junk debt buyer. It will say that the creditor is selling and assigning umpteen million dollars worth of debts to the debt collector. It will mention an attachment with the numbers of the accounts sold.
And it will often not have that attachment or anything else linking your account to that sale. That is inadequate proof of ownership. It is no proof
of ownership. If you attack the case on that basis it should be dismissed – unless the debt collector can supply the information. For some reason,
they often cannot.
You can make this argument at any time.It isn’t waived by you participating in the case. Any time you can prove the debt ownership isn’t
established, the case should go away.
Sewer service is different. In this situation, the process server threw the summons into the ditch while the defendant was watching and then swore to having given the summons to the defendant. In that situation, the defendant is forced into a choice: attack the court’s jurisdiction immediately by motion to quash, wait and attack jurisdiction, or defend. If you take actions to defend on the merits of the case – you say you don’t owe the money – you will likely be “waiving” or letting go your attack on the court’s jurisdiction.
http://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.png00Ken Giberthttp://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.pngKen Gibert2018-07-24 18:24:162018-10-01 19:04:15Jurisdictional Issues in Debt Law
Vehicle repossession is not “debt law” in the sense we mean it at our site.
If you’ve read many of our materials, you know that we consider debt law as good as it gets for self-representation. That is because debt buyers buy vast quantities of debt and essentially take a “factory” approach to bill collecting and lawsuits. You can expect pretty much every case brought by a debt buyer to follow a similar approach – the petitions are almost always virtually identical, and the whole process is usually shoddy. Typically, the debt collectors don’t have what they would need to win a contested fight – and they don’t want to get what they would need to win because they are designed to catch the 80 – 90% of the people who do not fight.
And debt cases are “document-intensive,” meaning that the debt collector’s whole case will usually depend on getting some documents into evidence. There is very little testimony and no expert witnesses. So that means a pro se litigant can focus on a few simple evidentiary questions and not worry too much about arranging testimony or other trial tactics.
But our materials do not apply to vehicle repossessions and the surrounding issues. Those cases present a different set of issues and opportunities.
What is a “Vehicle Repossession?”
When you buy a car on credit, you will typically sign a contract agreeing to pay a certain amount per month (plus a variety of other terms, obviously). And these contracts and their terms are, in general, a terrible, terrible deal for the customer. One of these terms is a lien and right to repossession, and there is a whole body of somewhat specialized law on all of the repossession process.
If you fail to make payments, the company may have installed tracking and disabling devices in the car – so the car may stop working. And then the repo guys come and get the car. And then the REAL scam begins.
When dealers repossess a vehicle, they are not “collecting a debt.” They are, in legalistic terms, exercising their liens and cutting off your right to a security. It looks like a collection, and it is one, but the law of most jurisdictions does not see it that way.
Still, the idea is for them to get their money back, and what they plan to do is sell the vehicle at an auction.Early in the process, then – before they get your car – you can talk to them and negotiate terms more effectively than later.
Once they get your car, they will want to sell it. If they do this in a “commercially reasonable” way, you will be on the hook for whatever amount of your car note remains. And inevitably, this is a shocking amount. For various reasons (some good and some bad) the courts are extremely lenient as to what constitutes “commercially reasonable.”
But the fact is that the dealers get almost nothing for the cars they repo. They sell them to each other, at auction, so this is one of the all-time scams – and the courts wink at it. In any event, repossession law focuses extensively on this question of “commercially reasonable” and on certain notice provisions. State laws in this area are complex for most people, and the court decisions are not easy to understand.
And the car dealerships have stacked the deck in most cases. Their lawyers specialize in this law, know the facts of the cases they bring (much more than debt collectors, anyway), and will almost always have the contract you signed. They’ll have people who can swear to them, too, because most car dealerships are built around the repossession process.
This doesn’t mean you don’t have a chance to win. It just means that this isn’t the best kind of law to go pro se. Fortunately, if you are broke, most of the legal service organizations that help people without money are good at this. It’s a problem a lot of people with money problems have. We suggest you find one of these places – many law schools have clinics that do this, too – and see if you can get help.
If you can’t do that, it still makes sense to fight, and on a simple dollar basis, joining us to help you do that will probably be worth your money. Your chances of winning aren’t great, but they do use a factory approach, and some of our tools will apply to that. And by fighting you can reduce some of the damage they will do to you.
Repossession and Suit to Collect the Difference Happen Fast
Unfortunately, vehicle repossession cases can happen very quickly. Our advice is to make every effort to find help. Filing an answer by yourself could very well hurt your case. If you must do it by yourself, our membership can give you SOME help – and in that case you simply must join and talk to us before answering the suit. Trying to represent yourself without any help is just not a good idea.
Our Case Evaluation Service
One of the services we provide to members and non-members alike is a “case evaluation.” It’s a great deal for people being sued by debt collectors who would like some guidance about their case. We do not recommend this service for people facing vehicle repossession, though. If you send us one, we will have to spend the time to figure things out (so we will keep your money for the time we must spend) – and then we’ll almost certainly give you pretty much what we say here. Save your money and your time and look for a lawyer who can handle this case for you.
http://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.png00Ken Giberthttp://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.pngKen Gibert2018-07-19 15:57:132018-10-02 18:04:01Vehicle Repossession and Breach of Contract Lawsuit
Collection is an extremely unpleasant thing, and you will want to avoid it if possible. That means not allowing anybody to get a judgment against you.
We don’t include this information here to help you avoid collection, however. This information should help you understand the legal status of your assets for purposes of your negotiation planning. Remember: you should think long and hard about giving a debt collector any protected assets (which all of these exemptions are), but that does not mean you should never do so. These exemptions are the exemptions provided under Missouri law (paraphrased – look up the law for exact statutory language), but different states have very different rules on some of these exemptions (most notably on homesteads). For an exact understanding of all the exemptions under your state’s laws, we suggest you google the term “exemptions from levy” plus your state’s name.
There are specific procedures you would follow in order to claim these exemptions if a levy (garnishment) occurred, but again, we include this information simply as a guide to understanding the legal character of your assets.
513.430 RSMo. 2010 et seq. provides the following exemptions:
1. Household furnishings and goods, clothes, appliances, books… held primarily for personal, family or household use of the debtor or a dependent, not to exceed $3,000 total.
2. A wedding ring worth not more than $1,500, plus other personal jewelry worth no more than $500 total.
3. Any property, of any kind, not to exceed $600 in value in total.
4. Implements, professional books or tools of the trade of the debtor or a dependent worth not more than $3,000.
5. Any motor vehicle worth not more than $3,000.
6. Any mobile home used as the principle residence but not on or attached to property owned by the debtor, worth no more than $5,000.
7. Any unmatured life insurance contracts.
8. Amount of any unaccrued dividend or interest under, or loan value of, any one or more unmatured life insurance contracts.
9. Professionally prescribed health aids for debtor or dependents.
10. Right to receive social benefit, unemployment compensation, or a local public assistance benefit, veteran’s benefits, disability, illness or unemployment benefits, or a stock bonus plan (etc.).
11. Right to receive money or property traceable to a payment on account of the wrongful death of an individual on whom the debtor was dependent (with some limitations).
12. A homestead consisting of a house and appurtenances and land worth not more than $15,000.
http://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.png00Ken Giberthttp://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.pngKen Gibert2018-06-17 11:52:102018-10-04 14:30:18Exemptions from Collections
If you will stand up for yourself, you can probably make the debt collectors go away even if they could win the suit against you. (Which they usually can’t.)
Follow the Money
It’s all about money, right? They want to make money. That’s why they’re suing you. If you will defend yourself it becomes too expensive for the company to pursue the litigation against you.
Let’s Do the Math
Consider the question from the point of view of the debt collectors. They buy debt cheaply (very, very cheaply), file sut in large numbers, and win the vast majority of cases without a fight. In St. Louis County, the “call dockets” often have 300-600 defendants, most of whom are being sued by a handful of debt collectors represented by two or three lawyers. If it takes an hour or two for the lawyers to get one hundred judgments totaling (by my guess) approximately $400,000 to $1,000,000 dollars, that’s a pretty good hour’s work.
Now look at the Petition in your lawsuit, down at the last paragraph near the end (where it says “wherefore, plaintiff prays…”). If the company is asking for attorney’s fees against you at all, they’ll usually say so right in the “wherefore clause,” and you may be surprised at how small the number is. In Missouri, the number is typically 15% of what they’re suing you for. If the company is suing you for $5,000, the attorney’s fees might be around $750, but that’s only if they are suing on a contract that allows attorney’s fees. In fact there is often no request for attorney fees at all in the suit.
They ask for the same amount whether or not you fight.
If you don’t fight the case, they get a windfall. If you do fight the case, they usually don’t get any more money even if they win. Instead of hoping for several hundred thousand dollars per hour of work, they’re trying to get $150 per hour-if that. That’s a lot less fun.
And if they are not suing you on a contract that specifically provides for attorney’s fees, they don’t get any fees for fighting no matter how long it takes. Every second you make them spend fighting with you costs them money that they will not get back. Everybody on the other side knows all this, and they never forget it. Neither should you.
What Would You Do…
What would you do if you were a debt collector who was bogged down in a suit for a few hundred (or even thousand) dollars-but which could cost just as much in attorneys fees. And on the other hand you could make a hundred thousand dollars in an hour of work by picking out other people to sue instead? Debt collectors are practical people. If you stand up for yourself in a way that shows them they will have a real fight on their hands, they will usually drop the suit. It isn’t worth it with so many other people around who will not fight.
Isn’t that what you would do?
http://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.png00Ken Giberthttp://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.pngKen Gibert2018-06-07 17:44:182018-10-06 16:42:46Why You Can Probably Beat the Debt Collectors
When you get the first notice that a debt collector is after you, you should get an opportunity to “dispute and request verification.” That right is provided by the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act (FDCPA). Click here to get your free copy of the FDCPA. This video here explains why you should dispute the debt and require the debt collector to verify it. In other words, always seek verification And this video shows you how to do it, and how it affects some of your other rights, because often a debt collector will either disappear completely once you seek verification or will fail to provide verification but still harass you – a violation of the FDCPA.
But remember this does not work if they file suit against you – if you don’t answer a lawsuit when it is filed, you will lose the case. See Bogus Right to Verification on Petition – Dirty Trick! If you have already sought verification but not received it, you might file a motion to dismiss based on their failure to verify.
When debt collectors contact you for the first time, they are supposed to send you a written notice of your right to dispute and require them to verify the debt. They are to inform you that you have 30 days to send in this dispute, and if you do so, they are supposed to “verify” the debt prior to taking any further collection actions.
Now, to be clear, we do not think the “verification” to which you have a right under the FDCPA amounts to much, but we do, in fact, recommend making sweeping demands of the debt collector. At a minimum, you may get some materials that will be useful if they decide to sue you. And there’s a pretty good chance that disputing the debt will cause them to go away and leave you alone. I have never had a satisfactory explanation for why this might be, but it appears to be the case. Therefore it makes sense to demand verification when you first hear from a debt collector.
This right to verification does not extend to law suits. If they serve you with a lawsuit, you must answer the petition or lose the case. You HAVE NO RIGHT TO VERIFICATION ONCE THEY FILE SUIT. But if they have contacted you, and you have demanded verification before they filed suit, then they should verify before filing suit. Failure to do so violates the FDCPA.
Also note two other things: your dispute should be in writing – they don’t have to verify if it isn’t. And while you have only thirty days to make the dispute, they can take any amount of time in providing that verification – it’s just that they cannot make other attempts to collect the debt until they do.
http://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.png00Ken Giberthttp://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.pngKen Gibert2018-06-06 23:36:592018-10-06 17:58:43Requiring Verification - Your Secret Weapon against Debt Collectors
This article “pulls back the veil” and lets the average consumer take a look at what goes on in repossession. This should help you decide what to do if you’re struggling with car payments and wondering what repossession might do to you.
Repossession of cars and trucks, like making sausages and politics, undoubtedly has its benefits, but the actual process can be extremely unjust and disturbing to watch. This article is going to pull back the veil and let the average consumer take a look at what goes on in repossession. This article should help you decide what foreclosure could do to you if you’re struggling with car payments and wondering what actions to take.
Deal Gone Wrong
It is well-known that, when you buy a new car it depreciates substantially as soon as you drive it off the lot. In plain English, that means the car is worth much less money right after you buy it than before you own it. Depending on the size of your down payment, then, you could very well be, and most often probably are, “under water” on the loan-the car is worth less than you owe. For this reason, I prefer to buy used cars, myself, but if you don’t, and you buy well, things will eventually straighten themselves out. Provided you can continue to make the payments, the car will lose value more slowly than the note does. But what if something comes up and you can’t make the payments? That’s when you’re in for a rude surprise.
After missing a payment, you will find the auto dealership has become very interested in you. They will call and write. And they’ll keep calling and writing until your payments are current. If you can’t pay, the dealership will eventually suggest you return your car-or the idea might occur to you. If you don’t return the car, the dealership may send out “repo men” to repossess the car. You may go to your accustomed parking place only to find the car gone. They won’t leave a note, either.
But not too long later, you will probably get notice that your car is to be sold “at public auction” within a certain amount of time. They may tell you about a “right to redeem,” which at least in some states is your right to make good on the payments and get the car back. Let’s assume for the present example that you can’t do that. Let’s say (to keep the numbers simple) that the purchase price of the car was $15,000, and you made a down-payment plus other payments of $5,000. The car is two years old now, and its “blue book value” is down to $8,000. So you figure that after the company sells the car, you’ll owe about $2,000, right?
Repossession in the Real World
Wrong! A month later, you’ll find out that the car was sold for $2500. They charged you $250 for the “repossession fee” and another $250 for “reconditioning.” So they “credited” your account with $2,000 against the $10,000 you owed, and now they want another $8,000 from you. They send you a letter outlining everything they’ve done. You had a camera worth $200 in the glove compartment, and you ask about that. They tell you it’s “lost.”
That’s repossession in the real world.
http://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.png00Ken Giberthttp://yourlegallegup.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/YLLU_Main_Logo.pngKen Gibert2018-06-06 23:22:362018-10-06 18:02:08Repossession in the Real World